What Is a Vegan Diet? Knowing the Difference Between Veganism and Vegetarianism
Most people define the vegan diet as habitual eating of plant-based food and involves a restricted intake of any animal-related products. Although this general idea is indeed true, there’s more to veganism that people need to understand. There is more in-depth knowledge that is worthy of being known by both vegans and non-vegans.
The idea of veganism or the act of complying to such a diet has underlying reasons that are worth discovering so as not to falsely use the term interchangeably with other related concepts and to correct wrong perceptions about the subject.
Veganism and Vegans
On a broader perspective, veganism is the choice of living that rejects the entire idea of animal cruelty and exploitation. Not just in terms of food preparation and diet, but for any other purposes, including non-food-related ones.
With such belief, people who choose to live observing veganism does not only exclude animal products from their consumption but also rejects foods that are processed using animals. They do not patronize products obtained through animal exploitation, such as products derived from furs and skins.
Vegan, which is a term with more defined meaning, refers to an individual who complies with the strict intake of purely plant-based products only. It also refers to the actual diet per se.
Different Types of Vegan Diet
Vegans have almost limited access to food sources, how come there are still different types of vegan food? Despite limited food choices, there are still different varieties of this diet.
Whole Food Vegan Diet. This vegan diet is based on a wide selection of whole plant-based foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, legumes, and seeds.
Raw Food Vegan Diet. This is similar to the whole food vegan diet, but the food is either ingested raw or cooked at a temperature below 48C only.
80/10/10. This diet excludes fat-rich plant-based sources such as avocados and nuts and relies on fruits and greens instead.
Starch Solution. Similar to 80/10/10, this diet focuses on starch-rich food like corn, rice, and potatoes.
Raw till 4. Similar to 80/10/10 but raw foods are consumed until 4 in the afternoon only. The option to cook afterward is available.
Types of Vegetarianism
Vegan. Individuals that only consume plant-based food sources and exclude red meat, white meat, fish, eggs, and dairy.
Lacto Vegetarian. Vegans that do not avoid the consumption of dairy products like cheese, yogurt, and milk.
Ovo Vegetarian. Individuals that consume plant-based foods and avoid meats, fish, and dairy products; however, they consume eggs.
Lacto-ovo Vegetarian. Vegans that avoid meats and fish but consume dairy products and eggs.